Emperor (q.v.) in the East from 395-408. He and his brother Honorios (q.v.), who ruled in the West, shared power jointly after the death of their father Theodosius I (q.v.). Arkadios was dull-witted and clearly incompetent to rule alone. Thus, imperial power was exercised through a succession of regents, including Rufinus, Eutropios, Arkadios's wife Eudoxia, and Anthemios (qq.v.). The Germans were a major problem during his reign. Alaric (q.v.) revolted and his Visigoths menaced Greece and Italy (qq.v.). Only after the suppression of Gainas (q.v.) in 400 did the German problem ameliorate in the East. However, the Germans continued to play an important role in the army, from which they could hardly be expelled completely, although this was recommended by the writer Synesios (q.v.). Another influential figure was the fiery Patriarch John Chrysostom (q.v.), who Arkadios exiled on more than one occasion. Arkadios's reign can be viewed as a stage on which more powerful personalities played all the leading roles.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Arkadios — Arkadios, Arkadius oder Arcadius ist der Name folgender Personen: Arcadius, römischer Kaiser († 408) Arkadios von Zypern, Märtyrer († um 300) Arkadios von Konstantia, Bischof († 638) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersc …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arkadios — Arkadios,   lateinisch Arcadius, der erste oströmische Kaiser (395 408), * in Spanien um 377, ✝ 1. 5. 408, ältester Sohn Theodosius I.; wurde 383 in Konstantinopel zum Augustus ausgerufen. Nach dem Tod seines Vaters (395) erhielt er den Osten des …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arkadĭos — Arkadĭos, 1) römischer Kaiser, s. Arcadius. 2) A., griechischer Grammatiker von Antiochia, um 200 n. Chr.; schrieb Περὶ τόνων (über die Betonung der Wörter), Auszug aus Herodians Καϑολική. herausgeg. von Barker, Lpz. 1820 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Gainas —    Gothic (q.v.) general who briefly (399 400) endangered the throne of Arkadios (q.v.) and who seemed to personify the inherent danger of promoting Goths to high military commands. Arkadios (395 408) was a child emperor, who, after the fall of… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Eutropios —    Grand chamberlain (praepositus sacri cubiculi [q.v.]) for Arkadios (q.v.). He plotted with Stilicho (q.v.) to have Gainas (q.v.) assassinate their mutual archrival Rufinus (q.v.). (Claudian s [q.v.] Against Rufinus, an attempt to exonerate his …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Porphyrios of Gaza —    Saint and bishop of Gaza (qq.v.) who in 401 journeyed to Constantinople (q.v.) to appeal to Emperor Arkadios (qq.v.) to help him stamp out paganism in Gaza. Arkadios, his wife Eudoxia, and the patriarch John Chrysostom (qq.v.) all agreed that… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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